Testing the weak-form efficiency in VietNam 's Stock market : An empirical study of the Hochiminh stock exchange ( HOSE)
Tu, Hua Thanh
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After a booming period of 2006-2007, the first stock bubble in Vietnam just crashed in late 2007. Consequently, the market experienced a long correction before having slowly recovered since mid-year 2008. This observation raises a question about the efficiency level of the Vietnamese stock market, especially after the event of bubble burst. This paper examines the weak-form Efficient Market Hypothesis in Vietnam’s stock market within the scope of the Hochiminh Stock Exchange (HOSE) and four individual stocks listed in the HOSE, including AGF, HAP, REE, and SAM during the period August 2002 - May 2009. The conventional autocorrelation test is applied to justify whether weekly price changes in the HOSE and the selected stocks follow a random walk or not. It is concluded that the Vietnamese stock market is generally weak-form inefficient due to inherent imperfection in the market’s operation and investors’ psychology. Consequently, it is possible to forecast future price changes of VNINDEX and the four selected stocks based solely on their past price changes. However, the movements of market index and the selected stocks seem more difficult to be predicted after the event of stock bubble crash.